Arthritis patients how to self-care

Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative arthritis, commonly known as "bone spurs", "bone hyperplasia," is not actually inflammation, mainly degenerative changes, is a joint aging and wear and tear, especially the articular cartilage aging.

Signs of osteoarthritis include joint pain, pain or tenderness, stiff joints in the morning, tightening, sensory friction, joint weakness, mobility disturbances, and possible symptoms of joint swelling. If such joint symptoms occur for more than 2 weeks, it is advisable to seek early medical attention. Knee joint as an important bearing, is also a good site for osteoarthritis. Simple knee degenerative common early performance for the next step when the pain, standing up when squatting pain, while walking flat road no obvious discomfort. Squatting when touching the knee can feel the unusual sense of friction.

Osteoarthritis treatment includes drug treatment and non-drug treatment, if necessary, surgical treatment, and according to the patient's age, gender, weight, risk factors, location and extent of lesions and other conditions to choose the appropriate treatment. Osteoarthritis pathological symptoms can not be reversed, the main purpose of treatment is to control and delay the progression of the disease, improve patient quality of life, therefore, non-drug treatment is the first choice of many patients.

Orthopedic experts introduced several sets of flexion and extension exercises to take the initiative to not stress-based exercises, first to do exercises to enhance muscle strength, and then gradually exercise to increase joint activity. The implementation of fashion should keep in mind.

1, four-step practice method:

A straight leg raise exercise: supine, knee extension straight 30 ~ 40cm, heel equivalent to the height of the other tip, try to maintain the position, can not hold down the rest of the same time, the above count. Then repeat the practice, each group 10 to 15 times. Twice daily If you can adhere to more than 1 minute, weight-bearing straight leg raising exercises.

B weight straight leg raising exercise: Ibid action, in the dorsal should bear a certain weight, starting from 1kg, gradually increased to 5kg, if you can adhere to more than 1 minute, you can proceed to the next practice.

C weight short arc practice: the patient sitting on the edge of the bed, a pillow below the knees pad to make knees 30 °, suffering from foot weight starting from 5kg, gradually increased to 10kg, doing leg extension exercises, if insisted for more than 1 minute , You can proceed to the next practice.

D weight long arc exercise: patients sitting in bed, knees 90 °, drooping leg, suffering from foot weight starting from 10kg, gradually increased to 20kg, doing leg extension exercises, if you can adhere to more than 1 minute, the basic life and work Can reach normal.

2, sitting knee stretching exercises:

Patient sitting in bed, knee as far as possible straight, dorsiflexion, ipsilateral hand down knee, contralateral hand bent enough.

3, sitting position knee swing flexion and extension exercises:

Patients sitting on the edge of the bed, legs sagging, with healthy limbs to help press the limbs, increased flexion.

4, supine knee exercises:

On the bed, limb flexion of hip 90 °, knee flexion as much as possible, with the help of healthy limbs to help press the affected side of the lower leg to increase the flexion of the knee.

5, kneeling knees practice:

The patient knelt on the bed and pressed back to increase the knee bend.

6, lying "pedal three":

Lying in bed morning and evening every day, imitating pedal three movements. Lay flat posture to reduce the burden on vulnerable joints; to the ankle to shoulder joint have been exercised on all joints.


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